Multiculturalism/critical multiculturalism 1960s–1970s: integration of non-European cultures, rather than assimilation. Aim: cultural diversity, mutual tolerance. Method: learn about non-European cultures. Critique: superficial, ignores power and economic exclusion, ignores sexism as ‘cultural’. Does not challenge dominance of white European culture. Critique led to critical multiculturalism: more contextualised analysis of culture, upheld aim of harmonious cultural diversity. Adopted idea of whiteness as culture. In the Religion and Worldviews curriculum: learning about culture, diversity and community. Inner lives, meaning, symbols, practices and experiences.